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Class Field Theory: Proofs and Applications

of: Daniel Fretwell

GRIN Verlag , 2011

ISBN: 9783640968879 , 48 Pages

Format: PDF

Copy protection: DRM

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Class Field Theory: Proofs and Applications


 

Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2011 in the subject Mathematics - Number Theory, grade: Postgraduate, University of Sheffield, language: English, abstract: This document is a continuation of my Semester 1 project on class field theory. In the previous work, we made a rounded exposition of the fundamentals of class field theory but in order to preserve the document length the main proofs had to be skipped. We concentrate on filling in the gaps in this second installment. Due to the need to complete the arguments left open last semester and the need for applications this part of the project is a little longer than it should have been. It was not mentioned in the previous project but the class field theory we are studying here is global class field theory. There is such a thing as local class field theory in which we study the Abelian extensions of local fields (essentially fields that arise as completions of a number field with respect to places). Actually we touch on these ideas slightly in this project but never quite get to de_ning a local Artin map and looking at the local analogues of the main theorems of global class field theory. For those wanting to continue on to study local class field theory, consider Chapter 7 of [2] To start off this project we shall first restate the main de_nitions and theorems. This will be brief and those wanting to remind themselves of the details should consult my Semester 1 project. There will be very little motivation or technical results here since this was the purpose of the work done previously. We then set out to prove the main theorems of class field theory. With our present knowledge this would not be a simple task and we soon find that we first have to invent or discover new concepts such as the idele group and the corresponding idele class group. These are topological devices that take stock of all completions of a number eld at once. Such constructions will make the theory much easier to understand and formulate, whilst at the same time generalising the theory to all Abelian extensions. The cohomology of nite Abelian groups will be introduced and used alongside the idele theory to establish an important inequality. We use L-series in conjunction with the ideal theory to establish another important inequality. Combining the two inequalities will give a nice result that allows us to prove Artin reciprocity. In order to prove the existence theorem we resort to using Kummer n-extensions and the notion of a class eld. This middle chunk of the project will be quite technical but hopefully enjoyable and illuminating. [...]