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Pro WPF in C# 2010 - Windows Presentation Foundation in .NET 4

Pro WPF in C# 2010 - Windows Presentation Foundation in .NET 4

of: Matthew MacDonald

Apress, 2010

ISBN: 9781430272045 , 1216 Pages

3. Edition

Format: PDF, Read online

Copy protection: DRM

Windows PC,Mac OSX Apple iPad, Android Tablet PC's Read Online for: Windows PC,Mac OSX,Linux

Price: 49,99 EUR



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Pro WPF in C# 2010 - Windows Presentation Foundation in .NET 4


 

Table of Contents

5

About the Author

27

About the Technical Reviewer

28

Acknowledgments

29

Introduction

30

About This Book

31

Chapter Overview

31

What You Need to Use This Book

33

Code Samples and URLs

34

Feedback

34

CHAPTER 1 Introducing WPF

35

The Evolution of Windows Graphics

35

DirectX: The New Graphics Engine

36

Hardware Acceleration and WPF

37

WPF: A Higher-Level API

38

Windows Forms Lives On

40

DirectX Also Lives On

40

Silverlight

40

Resolution Independence

41

WPF Units

42

System DPI

43

Windows XP

44

Windows Vista

44

Windows 7

45

Bitmap and Vector Graphics

46

The Architecture of WPF

46

The Class Hierarchy

48

System.Threading.DispatcherObject

49

System.Windows.DependencyObject

49

System.Windows.Media.Visual

49

System.Windows.UIElement

49

System.Windows.FrameworkElement

49

System.Windows.Shapes.Shape

50

System.Windows.Controls.Control

50

System.Windows.Controls.ContentControl

50

System.Windows.Controls.ItemsControl

50

System.Windows.Controls.Panel

50

WPF 4

51

New Features

51

The WPF Toolkit

52

Visual Studio 2010

52

Multitargeting

53

The .NET Client Profile

54

The Visual Studio Designer

54

The Last Word

55

CHAPTER 2 XAML

57

Understanding XAML

58

Graphical User Interfaces Before WPF

58

The Variants of XAML

59

XAML Compilation

60

XAML Basics

61

XAML Namespaces

62

The Code-Behind Class

64

The InitializeComponent() Method

65

Naming Elements

65

Properties and Events in XAML

66

Simple Properties and Type Converters

68

Complex Properties

69

Markup Extensions

71

Attached Properties

72

Nesting Elements

73

Special Characters and Whitespace

76

Events

78

The Full Eight Ball Example

79

Using Types from Other Namespaces

80

Loading and Compiling XAML

82

Code-Only

82

Code and Uncompiled XAML

85

Code and Compiled XAML

87

XAML Only

89

XAML 2009

90

Automatic Event Hookup

90

References

92

Built-in Types

92

Advanced Object Creation

93

The Last Word

94

CHAPTER 3 Layout

95

Understanding Layout in WPF

95

The WPF Layout Philosophy

96

The Layout Process

97

The Layout Containers

97

Simple Layout with the StackPanel

99

Layout Properties

101

Alignment

102

Margin

103

Minimum, Maximum, and Explicit Sizes

105

The Border

108

The WrapPanel and DockPanel

109

The WrapPanel

110

The DockPanel

111

Nesting Layout Containers

113

The Grid

114

Fine-Tuning Rows and Columns

117

Layout Rounding

119

Spanning Rows and Columns

120

Split Windows

121

Shared Size Groups

125

The UniformGrid

127

Coordinate-Based Layout with the Canvas

128

Z-Order

129

The InkCanvas

130

Layout Examples

133

A Column of Settings

133

Dynamic Content

134

A Modular User Interface

136

The Last Word

138

CHAPTER 4 Dependency Properties

139

Understanding Dependency Properties

139

Defining a Dependency Property

140

Registering a Dependency Property

141

Adding a Property Wrapper

143

How WPF Uses Dependency Properties

144

Shared Dependency Properties

145

Attached Dependency Properties

146

Property Validation

148

The Validation Callback

148

The Coercion Callback

149

The Last Word

152

CHAPTER 5 Routed Events

153

Understanding Routed Events

153

Defining, Registering, and Wrapping a Routed Event

154

Sharing Routed Events

155

Raising a Routed Event

155

Handling a Routed Event

155

Event Routing

157

The RoutedEventArgs Class

159

Bubbling Events

160

Handling a Suppressed Event

163

Attached Events

163

Tunneling Events

165

WPF Events

167

Lifetime Events

167

Input Events

170

Keyboard Input

171

Handling a Key Press

172

Focus

174

Getting Key State

175

Mouse Input

177

Mouse Clicks

178

Capturing the Mouse

180

Drag-and-Drop

180

Multitouch Input

183

The Levels of Multitouch Support

184

Raw Touch

184

Manipulation

187

Inertia

190

The Last Word

191

CHAPTER 6 Controls

192

The Control Class

193

Background and Foreground Brushes

193

Setting Colors in Code

193

Setting Colors in XAML

195

Font Family

197

Text Decorations and Typography

197

Font Inheritance

198

Font Substitution

198

Font Embedding

199

Text Formatting Mode

200

Mouse Cursors

201

Content Controls

202

The Content Property

204

Aligning Content

206

The WPF Content Philosophy

207

Labels

208

Buttons

210

The Button

210

The ToggleButton and RepeatButton

211

The CheckBox

211

The RadioButton

212

Tooltips

213

Setting ToolTip Properties

214

Setting ToolTipService Properties

217

The Popup

218

Specialized Containers

221

The ScrollViewer

221

Programmatic Scrolling

223

Custom Scrolling

224

Headered Content Controls

225

The GroupBox

225

The TabItem

226

The Expander

228

Text Controls

230

Multiple Lines of Text

231

Text Selection

232

Spell Checking

233

The PasswordBox

235

List Controls

235

The ListBox

236

The ComboBox

239

Range-Based Controls

240

The Slider

241

The ProgressBar

242

Date Controls

243

The Last Word

246

CHAPTER 7 The Application

247

The Application Life Cycle

247

Creating an Application Object

248

Deriving a Custom Application Class

249

Application Shutdown

250

Application Events

252

Application Tasks

254

Showing a Splash Screen

254

Handling Command-Line Arguments

255

Accessing the Current Application

256

Interacting Between Windows

257

Single-Instance Applications

259

Creating the Single-Instance Application Wrapper

260

Registering the File Type

264

Assembly Resources

266

Adding Resources

266

Retrieving Resources

268

Resource-Aware Classes

269

Pack URIs

269

Resources in Other Assemblies

270

Content Files

271

Localization

271

Building Localizable User Interfaces

272

Preparing an Application for Localization

273

The Translation Process

274

Preparing Markup Elements for Localization

274

Extracting Localizable Content

276

Building a Satellite Assembly

278

The Last Word

280

CHAPTER 8 Element Binding

281

Binding Elements Together

281

The Binding Expression

282

Binding Errors

283

Binding Modes

283

OneWayToSource

285

Default

286

Creating Bindings with Code

286

Multiple Bindings

287

Binding Updates

291

Binding to Objects That Aren’t Elements

292

Source

293

RelativeSource

293

DataContext

295

The Last Word

296

CHAPTER 9 Commands

297

Understanding Commands

297

The WPF Command Model

299

The ICommand Interface

299

The RoutedCommand Class

300

The RoutedUICommand Class

301

The Command Library

301

Executing Commands

303

Command Sources

303

Command Bindings

304

Using Multiple Command Sources

307

Fine-Tuning Command Text

308

Invoking a Command Directly

308

Disabling Commands

309

Controls with Built-in Commands

312

Advanced Commands

314

Custom Commands

314

Using the Same Command in Different Places

316

Using a Command Parameter

318

Tracking and Reversing Commands

318

The Last Word

323

CHAPTER 10 Resources

324

Resource Basics

324

The Resources Collection

325

The Hierarchy of Resources

326

Static and Dynamic Resources

328

Nonshared Resources

330

Accessing Resources in Code

330

Application Resources

331

System Resources

332

Resource Dictionaries

333

Creating a Resource Dictionary

333

Using a Resource Dictionary

334

Sharing Resources Between Assemblies

335

The Last Word

338

CHAPTER 11 Styles and Behaviors

339

Style Basics

339

Creating a Style Object

343

Setting Properties

344

Attaching Event Handlers

346

The Many Layers of Styles

347

Automatically Applying Styles by Type

349

Triggers

350

A Simple Trigger

351

Behaviors

355

Getting Support for Behaviors

355

Understanding the Behavior Model

356

Creating a Behavior

357

Using a Behavior

359

Design-Time Behavior Support in Blend

360

The Last Word

361

CHAPTER 12 Shapes, Brushes, and Transforms

362

Understanding Shapes

362

The Shape Classes

363

Rectangle and Ellipse

366

Sizing and Placing Shapes

367

Scaling Shapes with a Viewbox

370

Line

372

Polyline

373

Polygon

374

Line Caps and Line Joins

377

Dashes

378

Pixel Snapping

380

Brushes

381

The SolidColorBrush

382

The LinearGradientBrush

383

The RadialGradientBrush

385

The ImageBrush

387

A Tiled ImageBrush

389

The VisualBrush

392

The BitmapCacheBrush

393

Transforms

394

Transforming Shapes

396

Transforming Elements

398

Transparency

399

Making an Element Partially Transparent

399

Opacity Masks

401

The Last Word

403

CHAPTER 13 Geometries and Drawings

404

Paths and Geometries

404

Line, Rectangle, and Ellipse Geometries

405

Combining Shapes with GeometryGroup

406

Fusing Geometries with CombinedGeometry

408

Curves and Lines with PathGeometry

412

Straight Lines

413

Arcs

414

Bézier Curves

416

The Geometry Mini-Language

417

Clipping with Geometry

420

Drawings

421

Displaying a Drawing

423

Exporting Clip Art

425

The Last Word

427

CHAPTER 14 Effects and Visuals

428

Visuals

428

Drawing Visuals

429

Wrapping Visuals in an Element

431

Hit Testing

434

Complex Hit Testing

437

Effects

440

BlurEffect

441

DropShadowEffect

442

ShaderEffect

443

The WriteableBitmap Class

445

Generating a Bitmap

445

Writing to a WriteableBitmap

446

More Efficient Pixel Writing

448

The Last Word

451

CHAPTER 15 Animation Basics

452

Understanding WPF Animation

452

Timer-Based Animation

453

Property-Based Animation

454

Basic Animation

455

The Animation Classes

455

Animations in Code

458

From

459

To

461

By

462

Duration

463

Simultaneous Animations

463

Animation Lifetime

463

The Timeline Class

465

AccelerationRatio and DecelerationRatio

467

RepeatBehavior

467

Storyboards

468

The Storyboard

469

Event Triggers

469

Attaching Triggers with a Style

471

Overlapping Animations

472

Synchronized Animations

473

Controlling Playback

474

Monitoring Progress

479

Animation Easing

481

Using an Easing Function

481

Easing In and Easing Out

482

Easing Function Classes

484

Creating a Custom Easing Function

487

Animation Performance

489

Desired Frame Rate

489

Bitmap Caching

492

The Last Word

494

CHAPTER 16 Advanced Animation

495

Animation Types Revisited

495

Animating Transforms

496

Animating Multiple Transforms

499

Animating Brushes

500

VisualBrush

502

Animating Pixel Shaders

503

Key Frame Animation

505

Discrete Key Frame Animations

506

Easing Key Frames

507

Spline Key Frame Animations

508

Path-Based Animation

509

Frame-Based Animation

511

Storyboards in Code

515

The Main Window

516

The Bomb User Control

518

Dropping the Bombs

519

Intercepting a Bomb

522

Counting Bombs and Cleaning Up

524

The Last Word

526

CHAPTER 17 Control Templates

527

Understanding Logical Trees and Visual Trees

528

Understanding Templates

534

The Chrome Classes

537

Dissecting Controls

538

Creating Control Templates

541

A Simple Button

542

Template Bindings

543

Triggers That Change Properties

545

Triggers That Use Animation

548

Organizing Template Resources

549

Refactoring the Button Control Template

550

Applying Templates with Styles

552

Applying Templates Automatically

555

User-Selected Skins

556

Building More Complex Templates

558

Nested Templates

559

Modifying the Scroll Bar

561

The Control Template Examples

566

Visual States

568

The Last Word

569

CHAPTER 18 Custom Elements

571

Understanding Custom Elements in WPF

572

Building a Basic User Control

575

Defining Dependency Properties

576

Defining Routed Events

579

Adding Markup

580

Using the Control

582

Command Support

583

More Robust Commands

585

A Closer Look at User Controls

586

Creating a Lookless Control

587

Refactoring the Color Picker Code

588

Refactoring the Color Picker Markup

588

Streamlining the Control Template

591

Adding Part Names

591

Manipulating Template Parts

592

Documenting Template Parts

594

Theme-Specific Styles and the Default Style

594

Supporting Visual States

596

Starting the FlipPanel Class

597

Choosing Parts and States

600

The Default Control Template

601

The Flip Button

602

Defining the State Animations

603

Defining the State Transitions

604

Wiring Up the Elements

606

Using the FlipPanel

608

Using a Different Control Template

609

Custom Panels

610

The Two-Step Layout Process

611

MeasureOverride()

611

ArrangeOverride()

613

The Canvas Clone

614

A Better Wrapping Panel

615

Custom-Drawn Elements

618

The OnRender() Method

619

Evaluating Custom Drawing

620

A Custom-Drawn Element

621

A Custom Decorator

623

The Last Word

625

CHAPTER 19 Data Binding

626

Binding to a Database with Custom Objects

626

Building a Data Access Component

627

Building a Data Object

630

Displaying the Bound Object

631

Updating the Database

633

Change Notification

634

Binding to a Collection of Objects

636

Displaying and Editing Collection Items

637

Inserting and Removing Collection Items

641

Binding to the ADO.NET Objects

642

Binding to a LINQ Expression

643

Improving Performance in Large Lists

646

Virtualization

646

Item Container Recycling

648

Deferred Scrolling

648

Validation

648

Validation in the Data Object

649

The ExceptionValidationRule

650

The DataErrorValidationRule

651

Custom Validation Rules

653

Reacting to Validation Errors

655

Getting a List of Errors

656

Showing a Different Error Indicator

657

Validating Multiple Values

660

Data Providers

663

The ObjectDataProvider

664

Error Handling

665

Asynchronous Support

665

The XmlDataProvider

667

The Last Word

669

CHAPTER 20 Formatting Bound Data

670

Data Binding Redux

670

Data Conversion

672

The StringFormat Property

672

Introducing Value Converters

674

Formatting Strings with a Value Converter

675

Creating Objects with a Value Converter

677

Applying Conditional Formatting

680

Evaluating Multiple Properties

681

List Controls

683

List Styles

685

The ItemContainerStyle

686

A ListBox with Check Boxes or Radio Buttons

687

Alternating Item Style

690

Style Selectors

692

Data Templates

695

Separating and Reusing Templates

698

More Advanced Templates

699

Varying Templates

702

Template Selectors

703

Templates and Selection

706

Changing Item Layout

711

The ComboBox

713

The Last Word

716

CHAPTER 21 Data Views

717

The View Object

717

Retrieving a View Object

718

Navigating with a View

718

Creating a View Declaratively

721

Filtering, Sorting, and Grouping

723

Filtering Collections

723

Filtering the DataTable

727

Sorting

728

Grouping

729

The Last Word

733

CHAPTER 22 Lists, Grids, and Trees

734

The ListView

735

Creating Columns with the GridView

736

Resizing Columns

737

Cell Templates

737

Creating a Custom View

740

The View Class

742

The View Styles

743

Using the ListView

745

Passing Information to a View

747

The TreeView

749

A Data-Bound TreeView

749

Binding a DataSet to a TreeView

753

Just-in-Time Node Creation

754

The DataGrid

757

Resizing and Rearranging Columns

759

Defining Columns

760

The DataGridCheckBoxColumn

761

DataGridHyperlinkColumn

762

DataGridComboBoxColumn

762

The DataGridTemplateColumn

764

Formatting and Styling Columns

765

Formatting Rows

767

Row Details

769

Freezing Columns

770

Selection

770

Sorting

771

DataGrid Editing

771

The Last Word

774

CHAPTER 23 Windows

775

The Window Class

775

Showing a Window

778

Positioning a Window

779

Saving and Restoring Window Location

780

Window Interaction

782

Window Ownership

784

The Dialog Model

785

Common Dialog Boxes

786

Nonrectangular Windows

787

A Simple Shaped Window

787

A Transparent Window with Shaped Content

790

Moving Shaped Windows

792

Resizing Shaped Windows

793

Putting It All Together: A Custom Control Template for Windows

794

The Aero Glass Effect

798

Programming the Windows 7 Taskbar

803

Using Jump Lists

803

Recent Document Support

803

Custom Jump Lists

805

Creating Jump List Items in Code

807

Launching Application Tasks from the Jump List

808

Changing the Taskbar Icon and Preview

808

Thumbnail Clipping

809

Thumbnail Buttons

810

Progress Notification

812

Overlay Icons

812

The Last Word

814

CHAPTER 24 Pages and Navigation

815

Understanding Page-Based Navigation

815

Page-Based Interfaces

816

A Simple Page-Based Application with NavigationWindow

817

The Page Class

819

Hyperlinks

820

Navigating to Websites

821

Fragment Navigation

822

Hosting Pages in a Frame

823

Hosting Pages in Another Page

824

Hosting Pages in a Web Browser

826

The Page History

827

A Closer Look at URIs in WPF

827

Navigation History

828

Maintaining Custom Properties

829

The Navigation Service

830

Programmatic Navigation

830

Navigation Events

832

Managing the Journal

833

Adding Custom Items to the Journal

835

Page Functions

840

XAML Browser Applications

843

XBAP Requirements

843

Creating an XBAP

844

Deploying an XBAP

845

Updating an XBAP

847

XBAP Security

848

Full-Trust XBAPs

850

Combination XBAP/Stand-Alone Applications

850

Coding for Different Security Levels

851

Isolated Storage

852

Simulating Dialog Boxes with the Popup Control

853

Embedding an XBAP in a Web Page

856

The WebBrowser Control

857

Navigating to a Page

857

Building a DOM Tree

859

Scripting a Web Page with .NET Code

861

The Last Word

864

CHAPTER 25 Menus, Toolbars, and Ribbons

865

Menus

865

The Menu Class

865

Menu Items

867

The ContextMenu Class

869

Menu Separators

869

Toolbars and Status Bars

870

The ToolBar

871

The Overflow Menu

872

The ToolBarTray

873

The StatusBar

874

Ribbons

875

Adding the Ribbon

876

Styling the Ribbon

877

Commands

878

The Application Menu

879

Tabs, Groups, and Buttons

882

Ribbon Sizing

885

The Quick access Toolbar

887

The Last Word

888

CHAPTER 26 Sound and Video

889

Playing WAV Audio

889

The SoundPlayer

890

The SoundPlayerAction

891

System Sounds

892

The MediaPlayer

892

The MediaElement

895

Playing Audio Programmatically

895

Handling Errors

896

Playing Audio with Triggers

896

Playing Multiple Sounds

899

Changing Volume, Balance, Speed, and Position

900

Synchronizing an Animation with Audio

902

Playing Video

904

Video Effects

904

Speech

908

Speech Synthesis

908

Speech Recognition

910

The Last Word

912

CHAPTER 27 3-D Drawing

913

3-D Drawing Basics

913

The Viewport

914

3-D Objects

914

Geometry

916

Geometry Model and Surfaces

919

Light Sources

920

The Camera

923

Deeper into 3-D

927

Shading and Normals

929

More Complex Shapes

933

Model3DGroup Collections

934

Materials Revisited

936

Texture Mapping

938

Mapping the ImageBrush

938

Video and the VisualBrush

941

Interactivity and Animations

942

Transforms

942

Rotations

943

A Fly Over

945

The Trackball

947

Hit Testing

948

Hit Testing in the Viewport

949

The ModelUIElement3D

950

Hit Testing with the ModelUIElement3D

951

The ContainerUIElement3D

953

2-D Elements on 3-D Surfaces

953

The Last Word

956

CHAPTER 28 Documents

958

Understanding Documents

958

Flow Documents

959

The Flow Elements

960

Formatting Content Elements

962

Constructing a Simple Flow Document

964

Block Elements

965

Paragraph and Run

966

List

967

Table

968

Section

970

BlockUIContainer

971

Inline Elements

972

Preserving Whitespace

973

Floater

974

Figure

977

Interacting with Elements Programmatically

978

Text Justification

981

Read-Only Flow Document Containers

983

Zooming

984

Pages and Columns

985

Loading Documents from a File

987

Printing

988

Editing a Flow Document

989

Loading a File

989

Saving a File

991

Formatting Selected Text

992

Getting Individual Words

995

Fixed Documents

996

Annotations

997

The Annotation Classes

998

Enabling the Annotation Service

999

Creating Annotations

1000

Examining Annotations

1004

Reacting to Annotation Changes

1007

Storing Annotations in a Fixed Document

1008

Customizing the Appearance of Sticky Notes

1008

The Last Word

1009

CHAPTER 29 Printing

1011

Basic Printing

1011

Printing an Element

1012

Transforming Printed Output

1014

Printing Elements Without Showing Them

1017

Printing a Document

1018

Manipulating the Pages in a Document Printout

1021

Custom Printing

1023

Printing with the Visual Layer Classes

1023

Custom Printing with Multiple Pages

1026

Print Settings and Management

1032

Maintaining Print Settings

1032

Printing Page Ranges

1033

Managing a Print Queue

1033

Printing Through XPS

1036

Creating an XPS Document for a Print Preview

1037

Writing to an In-Memory XPS Document

1038

Printing Directly to the Printer via XPS

1039

Asynchronous Printing

1039

The Last Word

1040

CHAPTER 30 Interacting with Windows Forms

1041

Assessing Interoperability

1041

Missing Features in WPF

1042

Mixing Windows and Forms

1044

Adding Forms to a WPF Application

1044

Adding WPF Windows to a Windows Forms Application

1044

Showing Modal Windows and Forms

1045

Showing Modeless Windows and Forms

1045

Visual Styles for Windows Forms Controls

1046

Windows Forms Classes That Don’t Need Interoperability

1047

Creating Windows with Mixed Content

1051

WPF and Windows Forms “Airspace”

1051

Hosting Windows Forms Controls in WPF

1052

WPF and Windows Forms User Controls

1055

Hosting WPF Controls in Windows Forms

1056

Access Keys, Mnemonics, and Focus

1058

Property Mapping

1060

The Last Word

1062

CHAPTER 31 Multithreading

1063

Multithreading

1063

The Dispatcher

1064

The DispatcherObject

1064

The BackgroundWorker

1067

A Simple Asynchronous Operation

1068

Creating the BackgroundWorker

1069

Running the BackgroundWorker

1070

Tracking Progress

1072

Supporting Cancellation

1074

The Last Word

1076

CHAPTER 32 The Add-in Model

1077

Choosing Between MAF and MEF

1077

The Add-in Pipeline

1078

How the Pipeline Works

1079

The Add-in Folder Structure

1081

Preparing a Solution That Uses the Add-in Model

1081

An Application That Uses Add-Ins

1084

The Contract

1084

The Add-in View

1085

The Add-In

1085

The Add-in Adapter

1086

The Host View

1087

The Host Adapter

1087

The Host

1088

Adding More Add-Ins

1091

Interacting with the Host

1092

Visual Add-Ins

1096

The Last Word

1099

CHAPTER 33 ClickOnce Deployment

1100

Understanding Application Deployment

1101

The ClickOnce Installation Model

1102

ClickOnce Limitations

1103

A Simple ClickOnce Publication

1104

Setting the Publisher and Production

1104

Starting the Publish Wizard

1106

Publishing for a Network File Share

1108

Publishing for a Web Server

1108

Publishing for a CD or DVD

1109

Online or Offline

1110

The Deployed File Structure

1111

Installing a ClickOnce Application

1112

Updating a ClickOnce Application

1113

Additional ClickOnce Options

1114

Publish Version

1114

Updates

1114

File Associations

1116

Publish Options

1117

The Last Word

1118

Index

1119