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Implosions /Explosions - Towards a Study of Planetary Urbanization

of: Neil Brenner

Jovis Verlag, 2015

ISBN: 9783868598933 , 576 Pages

Format: PDF, Read online

Copy protection: DRM

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Implosions /Explosions - Towards a Study of Planetary Urbanization


 

Cover

1

Back Cover

2

Title

3

Preface

6

Contents

10

1. Introduction: Urban Theory Without an Outside

14

Notes

28

One: Foundations—The Urbanization Question

33

2. From the City to Urban Society

36

3. Cities or Urbanization?

52

Cities Limited and Unlimited

55

Capitalist Urbanization

57

Alternative Urbanization

59

An Adequate Language

60

Conclusions

63

Notes

66

4. Networks, Borders, Differences: Towards a Theory of the Urban

67

The Thesis of Complete Urbanization

69

The City in Urban Society

70

Perceived, Conceived and Lived Space

73

Urban Space: Networks, Borders, Differences

76

A New Understanding of the Urban

79

Notes

80

Two: Complete Urbanization—Experience, Site, Process

82

5. Where Does the City End?

86

Notes

89

Figure Credits

89

6. Traveling Warrior and Complete Urbanization in Switzerland: Landscape as Lived Space

90

Town and Country

91

The Theory of the Production of Space

94

The Experience of Complete Urbanization

98

The Bright Lights of the City

100

Notes

102

Figure Credits

102

7. Is the Matterhorn City?

103

Differences

104

Networks

105

Borders

106

Matterhorn

108

Figure Credits

108

8. Extended Urbanization and Settlement Patterns in Brazil: An Environmental Approach

109

Industrialization and Extended Urbanization

110

Peripheries: Industries and Frontiers

111

The Environmental Question

114

Towards Alternative Metropolitan Ecologies?

116

Notes

119

Figure Credits

120

9. The Emergence of Desakota Regions in Asia: Expanding a Hypothesis

121

Definitions and Parameters

124

The Emergence of the Extended Metropolitan Region in Asia

126

Conditions and Processes Underlying the Emergence of New Zones of Economic Interaction: Desakota

128

Questions Concerning the Desakota Regions in Asia

132

Issues of Policy Formation

133

Conclusion

136

Notes

136

Figure Credits

137

Three: Planetary Urbanization—Openings

138

10. The Urbanization of the World

142

The Urbanization of the World

142

Globalization, Urbanization, Industrialization

150

A Planet of Slums

153

Towards a New Urban Agenda

156

Notes

159

Figure Credits

159

11. Planetary Urbanization

160

Notes

163

12. The Urban Question Under Planetary Urbanization

164

Perspective and Prospective

164

Blind Fields and Ways of Seeing

166

Concrete Abstractions and Abstract Expressionism

168

Separation and Encounters: “The Urban Consolidates”

171

Centrality and Citizenship: Here Comes Everybody?

174

Notes

179

13. Theses on Urbanization

181

Notes

200

Figure Credits

202

14. Patterns and Pathways of Global Urbanization: Towards Comparative Analysis

203

Tracing Global Urbanization

204

Case Studies and Urban Models

205

New Processes of Urbanization

205

On Comparative Urban Studies

206

A Historical Territorial Approach

210

Three Dimensions of Urbanization

211

Models of Urbanization

213

Patterns of Urbanization

213

Pathways of Urbanization

214

The Urban as Open Horizon

215

Notes

216

Figure Credits

217

15. The Country and The City in the Urban Revolution

218

1

218

2

218

3

219

4

220

5

220

6

221

7

221

8

222

9

222

10

222

11

223

12

223

13

224

14

225

15

225

16

226

17

227

18

227

19

228

20

228

21

229

Notes

230

Figure Credits

231

Four: Historical Geographies of Urbanization

232

16. Urbs in Rure: Historical Enclosure and the Extended Urbanization of the Countryside

236

Defining Original Extended Urbanization

238

Open-field System, Common Right and Parliamentary Enclosure

244

Parliamentary Enclosure as Original Extended Urbanization

248

Conclusions

253

Notes

257

Figure Credits

259

17. What is the Urban in the Contemporary World?

260

The Industrial City, the City-Countryside Relationship and the Emergence of the Urban

262

Contemporary Urbanization: Its Extended Nature and Other Implications

264

The Extended Urbanization of Contemporary Brazil

265

Notes

267

18. The Urbanization of Switzerland

268

Decentralized Urbanization

269

A Completely Urbanized Switzerland

273

New Urban Landscapes

274

Notes

275

Figure Credits

275

19. Regional Urbanization and the End of the Metropolis Era

276

Metropolitan Urbanization

276

Regional Urbanization and the Great Density Convergence

278

Reconstituting the Inner and Outer Cities

280

Causes and Consequences of Regional Urbanization

282

Extended Regional Urbanization

283

The New Regionalism: Some Concluding Remarks

285

Notes

287

Figure Credits

287

20. Worldwide Urbanization and Neocolonial Fractures: Insights From the Literary World

288

Worldwide Urbanization and Revolution

289

On Uneven Urbanization

291

Literature: An Entry Point into Global and Comparative Urbanization

294

Creolizing the Urban Revolution

295

Texaco

298

Conclusion: On the Coeval Character of the Urban

300

Notes

303

Five: Urban Studies and Urban Ideologies

307

21. The “Urban Age” in Question

310

Background: The Postwar Debate on Urban Population Thresholds

314

The Theoretical Imperative: Postwar Critiques of Urban Demography

318

Urban Age as Statistical Artifact

320

Urban Age as Chaotic Conception

324

Conclusion: Towards an Investigation of Planetary Urbanization

330

Notes

334

Figure Credits

337

22. What Role For Social Science in the “Urban Age”?

338

Introduction: The Superannuation of Social Science?

338

The Dimming of Urban Social Science?

343

The New Urban Enthusiasm and its Discontents

346

Conclusion: Prospectus for Urban Social Science

348

Notes

351

23. City as Ideology

353

Introduction

353

New Urban Forms, New Urban Concepts

354

The Urbanization of Ideology

356

City and Country: Beyond the Spatial Division of Labor

360

City as a System: The Urban Lifecycle and the Commuting Zone

362

City as an Ideal Type: Urban Competitiveness

366

Conclusion: Who Benefits from the City as Ideology?

368

Notes

369

24. Urbanizing Urban Political Ecology: A Critique of Methodological Cityism

372

Introduction: The Green City in an Urban World

372

The History: How Political Ecology Came to the City

373

Methodological Cityism

376

A Political Ecology of Urbanization

380

Conclusion

383

Notes

384

25. Whither Urban Studies?

386

Notes

393

Six: Visualizations—Ideologies and Experiments

395

26. A Typology of Urban Switzerland

398

Conceptions of an Urban Switzerland

399

The Rediscovery of the Urban

404

The Helvetian Model of Urbanization

405

Towards a New Typology of Urbanization: A Methodological Strategy

406

Metropolitan Regions

408

Networks of Cities

413

Quiet Zones

417

Alpine Resorts

420

Alpine Fallow Lands

422

Differences as Urban Potential

425

Notes

427

Figure Credits

427

27. Is the Mediterranean Urban?

428

1

428

2

436

3

439

4

441

5

447

6

451

7

454

Notes

457

Figure Credits

459

28. Visualizing an Urbanized Planet—Materials

460

Urbanization as a Cartography of Population

461

Urbanization and the Geography of Economic Activity

465

World Urbanization and Transportation Infrastructures

468

Urbanization and Communications Infrastructures

470

Urbanization as Worldwide Transformation of Land Occupation and Environment

472

Notes

475

Figure Credits

475

Seven: Political Strategies, Struggles and Horizons

477

29. Two Approaches to “World Management”: C. A. Doxiadis and R. B. Fuller

480

The Institutionalization of the Urbanization Question

481

Doxiadis, Fuller and the World Society of Ekistics

482

Doxiadis and Planetary Zoning

484

Fuller and Planetary Resource Utilization

491

The Persistence of Technoscientific Ideologies

498

Notes

502

Figure Credits

503

30. City Becoming World: Nancy, Lefebvre and the Global-Urban Imagination

505

Introduction: A Vast Urban Hive

505

Urbs et orbis

508

Urban Society and Urban Revolution

514

Conclusion: The World as an Opening

519

Notes

520

31. The Right to the City and Beyond: Notes on a Lefebvrian Reconceptualization

523

Notes

532

32. The Hypertrophic City Versus the Planet of Fields

533

Fossil Capitalism and Energy Regimes

535

Ecological Imperialism and the Limits to Limitless Growth

536

End of the World’s Smallholders?

538

Why Centralize Agriculture?

541

How to Centralize Agriculture

543

Conclusion

546

Notes

548

33. Becoming Urban: On Whose Terms?

551

The Language of Urban Research

551

Peri-urban Zones of Encounter

553

Whose Imaginary of the Future City?

555

Notes

560

Coda

562

34. Dissolving City, Planetary Metamorphosis

566

Notes

570

Contributors

572

Sources

575

Imprint

577